NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|10 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2017
|Accounting Policies [Abstract]|
|NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||
NOTE 1 NATURE OF OPERATIONS AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
NATURE OF OPERATIONS
REPRO MED SYSTEMS, INC. (the “Company”, “RMS”) designs, manufactures and markets proprietary portable medical devices and supplies primarily for the ambulatory infusion market and emergency medical applications as governed by the United States Food and Drug Administration (the “FDA”) quality and regulatory system and international standards for quality management systems. The Company operates as one segment.
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
For purposes of the statement of cash flows, the Company considers all short-term investments with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents. The Company holds cash in excess of $250,000 at multiple depositories, which exceeds the FDIC insurance limits and is, therefore, uninsured.
CERTIFICATES OF DEPOSIT
The certificates of deposit are recorded at cost plus accrued interest. The certificates of deposit earn interest at a rate of 0.35% to 0.55% and mature in February 2018 and March 2018.
Inventories of raw materials are stated at the lower of standard cost, which approximates average cost, or market value including allocable overhead. Work-in-process and finished goods are stated at the lower of standard cost or market value and include direct labor and allocable overhead.
Costs incurred in obtaining patents have been capitalized and are being amortized over the legal life of the patents.
Deferred income taxes are provided using the liability method whereby deferred tax assets are recognized for deductible temporary differences and operating loss and tax credit carry forwards and deferred tax liabilities are recognized for taxable temporary differences.
The Company believes that it has no uncertain tax positions requiring disclosure or adjustment. Generally, tax years starting with 2015 are subject to examination by income tax authorities.
PROPERTY, EQUIPMENT, AND DEPRECIATION
Property and equipment is stated at cost and is depreciated using the straight-line method over the estimated useful lives of the respective assets.
The Company maintains various long-term incentive stock benefit plans under which it grants stock options and stock to certain directors and key employees. The fair value of each option grant is estimated on the date of the grant using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model. All options are charged against income at their fair value. The entire compensation expense of the award is recognized over the vesting period. Shares of stock granted are recorded at the fair value of the shares at the grant date.
NET INCOME PER COMMON SHARE
Basic earnings per share are computed on the weighted average of common shares outstanding during each year. Diluted earnings per share include only an increase in the weighted average shares by the common shares issuable upon exercise of employee and director stock options (See Note 6).
USE OF ESTIMATES IN THE FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and accompanying notes. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Important estimates include but are not limited to, asset lives, valuation allowances, inventory, and accruals.
Sales of manufactured products are recorded when shipment occurs. The Company’s revenue stream is derived from the sale of an assembled product. Other service revenues are recorded as the service is performed. Shipping and handling costs generally are billed to customers and are included in sales. The Company generally does not accept return of goods shipped unless it is a Company error. The only credits provided to customers are for defective merchandise. On a monthly basis the Company records rebates based upon actual sales. The rebates are provided to distributors for the difference in selling price to distributor and pricing specified to select customers.
RECENTLY ISSUED ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
In May 2017, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2017-09—Compensation-Stock Compensation (Topic 718), which provides clarity and reduces both (1) diversity in practice and (2) cost and complexity when applying the guidance in Topic 718, Compensation—Stock Compensation, to a change to the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award. The amendments in this update affect any entity that changes the terms or conditions of a share-based payment award. The amendments in this update are effective for all entities for annual periods, and interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2017. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in any interim period, for (1) public business entities for reporting periods for which financial statements have not yet been issued and (2) all other entities for reporting periods for which financial statements have not yet been made available for issuance. The amendments in this update should be applied prospectively to an award modified on or after the adoption date. We do not expect the adoption of the standard to have a material effect on our financial statements, disclosure requirements and methods of adoption.
In June 2016, FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13—Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326); Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments, which amends guidance on reporting credit losses for assets held at amortized cost basis and available for sale debt securities. For assets held at amortized cost basis, Topic 326 eliminates the probable initial recognition threshold in current GAAP and, instead, requires an entity to reflect its current estimate of all expected credit losses. The allowance for credit losses is a valuation account that is deducted from the amortized cost basis of the financial assets to present the net amount expected to be collected. For available for sale debt securities, credit losses should be measured in a manner similar to current GAAP, however Topic 326 will require that credit losses be presented as an allowance rather than as a write-down. This ASU affects entities holding financial assets and net investment in leases that are not accounted for at fair value through net income. The amendments affect loans, debt securities, trade receivables, net investments in leases, off balance sheet credit exposures, reinsurance receivables, and any other financial assets not excluded from the scope that have the contractual right to receive cash. The amendments in this update are effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019, including interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company is assessing the impact of the adoption of the ASU on its financial statements, disclosure requirements and methods of adoption.
In August 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-15—Statement of Cash Flows (Topic 230); Classification of Certain Cash Receipts and Cash Payments. The ASU provides guidance on eight specific statement of cash flow classification issues and is intended to reduce diversity in practice. ASU 2016-15 will be effective for the Company on January 1, 2018. The adoption of ASU 2016-15 is not expected to have a material impact on the financial statements.
In May 2014, the FASB issued ASU No. 2014-09—Revenue from Contracts with Customers. The ASU clarifies the principles for recognizing revenue and develops a common revenue standard for U.S. GAAP and International Financial Reporting Standards (“IFRS”) that removes inconsistencies and weaknesses in revenue requirements, provides a more robust framework for addressing revenue issues, improves comparability of revenue recognition practices across entities, industries, jurisdictions and capital markets, provides more useful information to users of the financial statements through improved disclosure requirements and simplifies the preparation of financial statements by reducing the number of requirements to which an entity must refer. The amendments in this update are effective for the annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within that reporting period. Full or modified retrospective adoption is required and early application is not permitted. On July 9, 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-14 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606); Deferral of the Effective Date, which (a) delays the effective date of ASU 2014-09, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), by one year to annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017 and (b) allows early adoption of the ASU by all entities as of the original effective date for public entities. We currently anticipate adopting the new standard using the modified retrospective method beginning January 1, 2018. In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-08 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606); Principal versus Agent Considerations (Reporting Revenue Gross versus Net), which is intended to improve the operability and understandability of the implementation guidance on principal versus agent considerations and the effective date is the same as the requirements in ASU 2014-09. In April 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-10 Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606); Identifying Performance Obligations and Licensing, which is intended to clarify identifying performance obligations and the licensing implementation guidance, while retaining the related principles for those areas and the effective date is the same as the requirements in ASU 2014-09. In May 2016, FASB issued ASU No. 2016-12—Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606); Narrow-Scope Improvements and Practical Expedients, which is intended to not change the core principle of the guidance in Topic 606, but rather affect only the narrow aspects of Topic 606 by reducing the potential for diversity in practice at initial application and by reducing the cost and complexity of applying Topic 606 both at transition and on an ongoing basis. The effective date and transition requirements for the amendments in this update are the same as the effective date and transition requirements for Topic 606 (and any other Topic amended by update 2014-09). In December 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-20 Technical Corrections and Improvements to Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers, which represents changes to make minor improvements to the Codification that are not expected to have a significant effect on current accounting practice or create a significant administrative cost to most entities. This update is the final, combined version of Proposed Accounting Standards Updates 2016-240 and 2016-320 (both entitled Technical Corrections and Improvements), which have been deleted. In November 2017, the FASB issued ASU No. 2017-14 Income Statement-Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220), Revenue Recognition (Topic 605), and Revenue from Contracts with Customers (Topic 606), which amends SEC paragraphs pursuant to Staff Accounting Bulletins No. 116 and SEC Release No. 33-10403. We do not expect the adoption of the standard and related amendments to have a material effect on our financial condition or results of operations.
In February 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-02, Leases (Topic 842). The main difference between the current requirement under GAAP and this ASU is the recognition of lease assets and lease liabilities by lessees for those leases classified as operating leases. This ASU requires that a lessee recognize in the statement of financial position a liability to make lease payments (the lease liability) and a right-of-use asset representing its right to use the underlying asset for the lease term (other than leases that meet the definition of a short-term lease). The liability will be equal to the present value of lease payments. The asset will be based on the liability, subject to adjustment, such as for initial direct costs. For income statement purposes, the FASB retained a dual model, requiring leases to be classified as either operating or finance. Operating leases will result in straight-line expense (similar to current operating leases) while finance leases will result in a front-loaded expense pattern (similar to current capital leases). Classification will be based on criteria that are largely similar to those applied in current lease accounting. For lessors, the guidance modifies the classification criteria and the accounting for sales-type and direct financing leases. This is effective for annual and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2018 and early adoption is permitted. This ASU must be adopted using a modified retrospective transition, and provides for certain practical expedients. Transition will require application of the new guidance at the beginning of the earliest comparative period presented. We are currently assessing the potential impact of this ASU on our financial statements, disclosure requirements and methods of adoption.
The Company considers the applicability and impact of all recently issued accounting pronouncements. Recent accounting pronouncements not specifically identified in our disclosures are either not applicable to the Company or are not expected to have a material effect on our financial condition or results of operations.
FAIR VALUE OF FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS
The carrying amounts reported in the balance sheet for cash, trade receivables, accounts payable and accrued expenses approximate fair value based on the short-term maturity of these instruments.
ACCOUNTING FOR LONG-LIVED ASSETS
The Company reviews its long-lived assets for impairment at least annually or whenever the circumstances and situations change such that there is an indication that the carrying amounts may not be recoverable. As of
December 31, 2017, the Company does not believe that any of its assets are impaired.
The entire disclosure for the general note to the financial statements for the reporting entity which may include, descriptions of the basis of presentation, business description, significant accounting policies, consolidations, reclassifications, new pronouncements not yet adopted and changes in accounting principles.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/presentationRef